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getting started articles
bible studies
essential guide to bible versions
how to read the bible
welcome to the bible
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bible study
essential guide to bible versions

This section serves as a guide to the English Bible and English Bible translations. This guide should help you understand key points on some history about important ancient manuscripts and significant English translations that have been made throughout history. The book, by Philip Comfort, Ph.D., can also guide you in your selection of Bible versions and give you direction in using each one. View each of the PDFs by clicking on the links below.

what are the differences in bible versions? do they matter?
where does the bible text come from?
how are bible translations made?
essential guide glossary

This tool will help you understand terms and words used within this reference.
Select a letter below to view all the associated words.

Rabbinic commentaries on the Old Testament.
The Jewish name for the Old Testament.
Aramaic paraphrases of the Old Testament.
The "four letters," YHWH, which in Hebrew is the personal name of God, commonly translated "LORD."
text type:
A group of manuscripts that show similar characteristics.
textual critic:
A person who studies manuscripts and their transmission and helps make decisions about which reading among the variants is most likely the correct one.
textual transmission:
The process of manually transmitting a written text from copy to copy during the time period prior to the printing press.
textual-transmission stage:
The stage in the development and transmission of a manuscript in which the text is copied meticulously and handed down in more or less unchanged form.
Textus Receptus:
The "received text," an edition of the Greek New Testament which formed the basis of the King James Version.
three-recension theory:
A theory of Old Testament text types which holds that there are three recensions of the Old Testament text. See local text theories.
A scribal error in which two letters are accidentally reversed.

I recommend the NLT second edition because it is very clear and helpful. It has been a very useful tool in communicating Scriptural truths. I love the NLT!

Rick Romano
East Hills Alliance Church
Kelso, Washington

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